By Zafar Iqbal
Skills are key levers for individual development, organisational efficiency and competitive advantage and national prosperity, however, the UK is lagging far behind with other developed nations in non- cognitive skills. Notwithstanding policy and strategy reforms in response to the Leitch Review (2006), the UK‘s performance in skills base is yet stagnated (Anderson et al, 2014). The proportion of UK young people staying in the education and training post 16 is low as compared to other developed countries. The UK ranks at 17th out of 30 countries in the number of working adults without the skills at Level 2 . A LLUK survey found skills gaps in NVQ level 4 and above among existing workforce and new applicants for vacant posts and shortages of skills among new candidates with NVQ level 2 . The Britain has more people with low qualification levels than the major economies and is ranked 18th across the OECD. England has very little higher level of technical provision below degree level compared to international competitors .
Reasons of skills deficit
The skill crisis stems with diverse factors such as the lack of appropriate technical knowledge and employment skills in university graduates , less investment in employee skill development , structural changes in the business the prevalence of ‘internal skills gaps and scarce spending of the UK annual income on education and vocational provision of post-secondary level parallel to other OECD economies.
Cost of skill crisis
The shortage of ‘economically valuable skills’ affects industrial competitiveness, workers’ efficiency and overall economic progress. The lack of required skills left 146,200 job vacancies unfilled in 2013 – a rise of almost sixty per cent from the previous year. The output per hour worked in the UK is 21 per cent lower than the average from other six G7 members.
The austerity agenda poses greater risks for the lifelong learning sector. The coalition government reduced 20 per cent funding for lifelong sector where 35 per cent cut to the Adult Skills Budget deprived adults from gaining skills for success. The University and College Union estimates that 400,000 adults could deprive of learning under proposed 24 per cent cuts in the lifelong sector. Another report estimates that funding cuts in further education removed one million learners from the education system since 2010 when the ratio of youth unemployment to adult unemployment has been already higher than other leading economies. And up-skilling of post- compulsory sector is feeble in poor industrial action. Only 10 per cent of UK employers employ apprentices and only 30 per cent of businesses offer young people work placement during education that is far lower than other EU members such as Switzerland, Germani and other.